集装箱尺寸及相关知识
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集装箱尺寸及相关知识
1、集装箱尺寸
类型 大小 内长m 内宽m 内高m 门高m 门宽m 容积M3 载重T 皮重T
普通箱 20GP 5.93 2.34 2.4 2.34 2.31 33.3 19 1.7
普通箱 40GP 12 2.35 2.36 2.28 2.26 66.55 27 3.4
普通高箱 40HC 12 2.34 2.68 2.34 2.58 75.25 27 4
普通箱 45GP 13.58 2.34 2.68 2.34 2.58 85.16 27 4
开顶箱 20OT 5.9 2.2 2.35 2.33 2.24 30.5 21 2.4
开顶箱 40OT 12 2.35 2.33 2.33 2.23 65.71 28 3.7
冷藏箱 20RF 5.44 2.28 2.14 2.26 2.21 26.54 20 3
冷藏箱 40RF 11.5 2.25 2.11 2.28 2.17 54.6 27 4.4
挂衣箱 20HG 5.9 2.35 2.39 2.34 2.28 33.14 22 2.3
挂衣箱 40HG 12 2.35 2.39 2.34 2.28 67.4 27 4.2
框架箱 20FR 5.7 2.24 2.17 0 0 27.71 28 3
框架箱 40FR 12 2.24 2.03 0 0 54.57 40 5.5
平板箱 40' 12 2.43 0.04 0 0 1.17 22 6
半高箱 20' 5.92 2.28 0.9 0 0 12.15 20 2.5
2.集装箱货物交接方式
  集装箱货运分为整箱和拼箱两种,因此在交接方式上也有所不同,纵观当前国际上的做法,大致有以下四类,以整箱交、整箱接效果最好,也最能发挥集装箱的优越性。
(1)整箱交,整箱接(FCL/FCL):货主在工厂或仓库把装满货后的整箱交给承运人,收货人在目的地以同样整箱接货,换言之,承运人以整箱为单位负责交接。货物的装箱和拆箱均由货方负责。
(2)拼箱交、拆箱接(LCL/LCL):货主将不足整箱的小票托运货物在集装箱货运站或内陆转运站交给承运人,由承运人负责拼箱和装箱(Stuffing,Vanning)运到目的地货站或内陆转运站,由承运人负责拆箱(Unstuffing,Devantting),拆箱后,收货人凭单接货。货物的装箱和拆箱均由承运人负责
(3)整箱交,拆箱接(FCL/LCL):货主在工厂或仓库把装满货后的整箱交给承运人,在目的地的集装箱货运站或内陆转运站由承运人负责拆箱后,各收货人凭单接货。
(4)拼箱交,整箱接(LCL/FCL):货主将不足整箱的小票托运货物在集装箱货运站或内陆转运站交给承运人。由承运人分类调整,把同一收货人的货集中拼装成整箱,运到目的地后,承运人以整箱交,收货人以整箱接。
3.集装箱货物交接地点
 (1)门到门(Door to Door):从发货人工厂或仓库至收货人工厂或仓库;
 (2)门到场(Door to CY):从发货人工厂或仓库至目的地或卸箱港的集装箱堆场;
 (3)门到站(Door to CFS):从发货人工厂或仓库至目的地或卸箱港的集装箱货运站;
 (4)场到门(CY to Door):从起运地或装箱港的集装箱堆场至收货人工厂或仓库;
 (5)场到场(CY to CY):从起运地或装箱港的堆场至目的地或卸箱港的集装箱堆场;
 (6)场到站(CY to CFS):从起运地或装箱港的集装箱堆场至目的地或卸箱港的集装箱货运站。   
 (7)站到门(CFS to DOor):从起运地或装箱港的集装箱货运站至收货人工厂或仓库;   
 (8)站到场(CFS to CY):从起运地或装箱港的集装箱货运站至目的地或卸箱港的集装箱堆场;   
 (9)站到站(CFS to CFS):从起运地或装箱港的集装箱货运站至目的地或卸箱港的集装箱货运站


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