News
作者:      来源:     阅读次数: 402582     添加时间: 2017-11-12 19:00:24
前言,习近平总书记指出,一个国家,一个民族的强盛总是以文化兴盛为支撑的,没有文明的继承和发展,没有文化的弘扬和繁荣,就没有中国梦的实现;
文化研究的范围非常广泛,摸不着,看不见,有人说,文化是虚的,但事实上,文化却又影响着每一个人,在表面上体现着一个人的修养、面貌、精神和态度,根源上却是人生观和价值观,从而影响和指引着各行各业实体的生存、发展和创新的质量;因此,文化又是极其重要的,继承和发扬传统文化,建立文化自信,尊重、欣赏、交流和吸收外来优秀文化,在文化自信的基础上,与时俱进,包容和创建出更优秀的文化;有了文化自信,才能文化兴国,最后就是文化强国,这一理念,同样适用于每一个国家或民族,这将在全球化各国的特色发展中,在一带一路国家的互联互通实践中,具有可复制性和借鉴意义,影响深远、意义重大。

回到本职航运业,很多航海界有识之士也在呼吁航海文化的重要性,但航海文化究竟是什么?很少见到有深度的解读,作为从事一线航运近20年的航运人,想说说个人的感受;但个人能力有限,就先做些微不足道的探索和尝试,抛砖引玉,望能籍此引起航运界,对航海文化实质性的讨论,这也是我辈航运人的使命。

 “名不正,言不顺,只有去定义和正名,才能确定其根源和范围,才能展开有效的探索;定义和正名的探索过程,就是去研究、发现它们的共性和不同的过程,就是去理清它们内部的关系逻辑和外部不同的过程;期望大家能够积极参与进来,理清思路和发现不同,建立科学的发现问题、解决问题的方法论,建立精益求精、持续优化的质量和标准体系,树立科学的人生观和价值观,为航海强国事业做出一份努力和贡献。 

1.先探讨下什么是文化?

何谓文化?

1.1 有人感叹,在这个世界上没有什么比文化更难捉摸。如果试图分析它,会发现它的成分无穷无尽;如果想去描述它,它却没有固定的形状;如果想用文字来定义它,就如同要把空气抓在手里:除了不在手里,它又无处不在。

1.2文化有广义和狭义的定义,广义的文化.指人类在社会历史发展过程中所创造的所有物质财富和精神财富,如 文学、艺术、教育、法律、科学等等。如东方文化”“西方文化”“中国传统文化等等;狭义的文化是指人们运用文字、图画、声音等人类感知工具的能力及一般的知识。如学习文化”“文化水平 

1.3文化的内部结构包括下列几个部分:物质文化、制度文化、行为文化、心态文化。

1.3.1物质文化是人类的物质生产活动方式和产品的总和,是可触知的具有物质实体的文化事物。如航海文物,航运工具---船、机、桨,在各个时代的实物,通过实物能感受到航海技术文明发展的历史。

1.3.2制度文化是人类在社会实践中组建的各种社会行为规范。如以IMO国际海事组织为主制定的国际公约和法规,船旗国法律,港口国法律,船级社标准,行业要求等等制度文化。

1.3.3行为文化是人际交往中约定俗成的以礼俗、民俗、风俗等形态表现出来的行为模式。行为就是个人、团体或组织的做人做事要合法合规、合情合理,并能尊重地方礼节、民俗即入乡随俗。

1.3.4心态文化是人类在社会意识活动中孕育出来的价值观念、审美情趣、思维方式等主观因素,相当于通常所说的精神文化、社会意识等概念。心态文化就是个人、团体或组织的做人做事的态度、方法论、价值观和人生观。

1.3.5 有了好的心态---才会有好的文明行为;有了好的行为---才形成好的规章制度;有了好的制度---才能创造和优化出更好的物质---即产品和服务,人们常说态度决定一切!这个态度,是内心的主要表现,因此,心态文化是文化的核心。

1.4 何谓文化?笼统地说,文化是一种社会现象,是人们长期创造形成的产物。同时又是一种历史现象,是社会历史的积淀物;确切地说,文化是指一个国家或民族的历史、地理、风土人情、传统习俗、生活方式、文学艺术、行为规范、思维方式、价值观念等。

1.5 何谓文化? 具体地说,文化是对人们文明程度的描述,借用网上较流行的,关于文化人的解读,很多人看后深受启发,根植于内心的修养;无需提醒的自觉;以约束为前提的自由;为别人着想的善良;文化,是人们对知识的融会贯通,是人们对经验的积累升华,是人们内心的修养,是个体或团体潜意识的自觉,是社会文明行为的规范,更是人们内心良知的自然表达。 

1.6 何谓文化?文化的几个主要特点:关于文化,不同人会有不同的认知和解读,不同国家、地域、民族也都是不同的,文化具有多样性;不同时代有不同的烙印,不同年龄对文化也会有不同的认识,文化是继往开来、不断更新的,文化具有生命力;文化,或许可以没有标准答案,百花齐放才是美丽的春天,各种真实的声音表达,才可能不断完善文化的内涵,可以求同存异、可以和而不同,文化是包容的;一念天堂,一念地狱,心态可以被情绪左右而失去理智去作恶,冲动是魔鬼,行为需要关照各方、如法合理而不被偶然因素所改变,制度很能被特权和人情践踏,一架飞机造出来不容易,但毁坏只要一瞬间,文化又是极其脆弱的。欢迎和需要大家以不同角度、广度、深度和侧重去发出真实的声音,表达自己的态度。
   
2.再探讨下什么是航海?

2.1定义航海,简单的说就是海航,指的是人作为陆生生物,在无法正常生存的海洋陌生环境中,依靠船、机;依靠纪律、知识和技能;依靠智慧、勇气和意志;为完成特定的目的,在海上航行的冒险活动。

2.2描述航海,航海是人类在蓝色地球上的轨迹;是人类探索海洋、征服自然、前进的脚步;是人类热爱海洋、经略海洋的智慧答卷;更是勇敢、智慧人们的劳动创造。

2.3航海的实践应用?中文字有舟,或指人类作为陆生智慧生物利用,作为交通工具在海上航行,据此,则货船,邮轮,渔船,军舰,帆船统统可以算作航海。

2.4中国航海近代史,中国在明朝时是世界海洋强国,郑和下西洋也被称为海上丝绸之路,为世界人民带去了丝绸、瓷器、茶叶、技艺等物质和精神文明,促进了东西方的交流和进步;以后,中国近现代航海史,实际是屈辱的历史,闭关锁国,西方列强用坚船利炮开道、赤裸掠夺,两次鸦片战争、民病国辱、割地赔款、海权沦丧;8国联军火烧圆明园,8年抗日救国,香港殖民于英国,澳门殖民于葡萄牙。

2.5航海历史回头看,中国航海给世界各国带去物质文明和中华文明,是彼此的尊重、合作和共赢;西方帝国主义航海,给中国带来的是鸦片,掠夺和战争;中国是仁义之师,随着中国的强大,西方列强也习惯性地把中国人想成跟他们一样---那是他们的心魔,那种病是他们的问题,时间或可以治疗。

2.6航海工具,航海一般描述的是人类的航海,航海是为了满足人类的需求而进行的海上活动,航海为全球的物质和文化流通、交流,提供了可靠经济的方式。人类只有依靠航海工具,才能完成该海上活动,其中,满足世界80%以上物质交换的货物运输工具---货船是主要的海上交通工具,货船的数量和吨位,占据航海交通工具的绝大部分,因此,航海货运活动是航海活动的主体,人们通常简称航运

2.7“航运,人们的航海货运活动是一个海岸物流体系,主要包括海上运输和岸基的相关服务,相应的就有了航运的行业简称航运业,相应的就有了从事航运的人称航运人,近几年,全球航运业低迷,航运人不容易。航运作为航海活动的主体,由航运产生的航运文化自然也应是航海文化的主体,探讨航海文化必然离不开航运文化。

3.什么是航海文化?

3.1综合以上,广义的航海文化就是人们在社会航海历史发展过程中,所创造的所有物质财富和精神财富的总和;当前,社会航海实践中,应用的所有物质财富和精神财富的总和;也是指导未来社会航海实践的财富和基础。
3.2狭义的航海文化,就是以航运文化为代表的,航运工具、装备、设施的等物质财富的硬件文化和以航运人为核心的知识、法规、标准等精神财富的软件文化。
 
3.3因此,航运是航运人应用航运知识和技能,利用航海交通工具在海上航行,来完成世界80%以上货物海上运输,满足人们物质和文化需要的海上实践活动;该海上实践活动,以安全高效环保健康(SQEH)为目标和理念,以精益求精、不断提高的探索和总结为指导方法,积累传承、开拓创新,从而逐渐形成航运文化;航运文化或是航海文化的主要代表,当然,客船的邮轮航海文化,渔船的渔业航海文化,军舰航海文化,帆船运动的航海文化等等都应是航海文化的有益组成部分。
 
以上仅是个人关于航海文化的粗浅认识,仅供参考!您心目中的航海文化是怎样的?欢迎您的分享
 
上一篇: 新闻
下一篇: Hot! Our value added tax on notice
发表评论】 【关闭
作者 简单内容(查看全部内容)发表日期
30 Arlie Through friends http://tvafricaghana.com/content/atumpan stromectol ivermectin Australian Council for Civil Liberties president Terry O'Gorman described the legislation as "shock and awe" tactics and said that lawmakers had "refused to consult with anyone except the police". 2021-11-17
29 Serenity How long are you planning to stay here? http://bookme.co.kr/view.php?id=qa&page=1&sn1=&divpage=25&sn=off&ss=on&sc=on&select_arrange=headnum&desc=asc&no=123784 stromectol ivermectin Chinese punters in recent weeks have also speculated wildlyon smaller-cap stocks based purely on rumours, including BeijingCentergate Technologies and Jiangsu HongdouIndustries, which is up 44 percent on the month. 2021-11-17
28 Riley How long have you lived here? http://aplabconfluence.konan-u.ac.jp/display/UCHU2/MechanicsII2021?showComments=true&showCommentArea=true stromectol ivermectin The fire began near a populated area and had grown to 2,000 acres, or nearly 3 square miles, by Wednesday evening. About 250 homes northeast of Park City remain threatened, including some along a golf course in the gated community of Promontory. 2021-11-17
27 Arron Looking for a job http://gls-fun.com/cat/cat/ape/p1/apeboard_plus.cgi stromectol ivermectin BART ranks as the fifth-largest U.S. rapid transit system byridership, after New York City, Washington, D.C., Chicago andBoston, according to data from the American PublicTransportation Association. 2021-11-17
26 Samantha When do you want me to start? http://medas.ne.jp/cgi-bin/webcal/schedule.cgi?form=2&year=2021&mon=3&day=12&repline=312256125674 stromectol ivermectin Staff Sgt. Robert Bales became emotional during testimony in which he said he was angry and afraid when he went on a solo nighttime mission and slaughtered villagers, mostly women and children, on March 11, 2012 in their huts. 2021-11-16
25 Irwin We used to work together http://ww17.pornoautor.com/site-announcements/1187147/big-ass-photos-free-huge-butt-porn-big-booty-pics stromectol ivermectin "If (wages in) Jakarta goes up by 40-50 percent then nearbyBandung will have to follow, and this could be catastrophic forcompanies just making a nominal profit," Matai said. "We mighthave to lay off." 2021-11-16
24 Freddy Lost credit card http://www.doctorarthur.co.uk/women-in-politics-a-psychological-perspective/ stromectol ivermectin But when the cars get onto the track and the flag drops, it芒聙聶s all business and no mercy. Cheers go up and the heats begin. As many as 20 cars on a small dirt track plow into each other with reckless abandon in each heat. Hitting another car in reverse is the preferred method of attack, but pretty much anything goes until there is only one car still moving and he or she gets the checkered flag. The air is filled with smoke and the smell of leaking radiators and the sounds of crushing metal. It takes only a few minutes and it芒聙聶s all over but the damage is done. It芒聙聶s PURE automotive carnage and the crowd loves it. 2021-11-16
23 Rebecca How do you know each other? http://bigosuk.org/welcome-to-ola/ stromectol ivermectin Ingrid Lederhaas-Okun, 46, a former vice president ofproduct development, pleaded guilty to a count of interstatetransportation of stolen property less than a month after shewas arrested in connection with the theft. 2021-11-16
22 Michale Cool site goodluck :) http://institutodeciencias.edu.mx/home/index.php/k2-listing/item/305-clausura-del-ciclo-escolar.html stromectol ivermectin Another example is, we looked at covered bonds, and therewe distinguished now between retained that are more risky - and,therefore, they deserve a higher haircut - and non-retained,that are less risky, and, therefore, they have a lower haircut.Now, this had overall a minimal impact on the overallcollateral. And we will certainly review it at a proper time. 2021-11-16
21 Carrol I like it a lot http://ilc.gc.ac.kr/gc/board/view.asp?boardname=A006&no=972 stromectol ivermectin But as the group attempts to forge a new economic path forward, it was telling that few looked to the U.S. for guidance or advice. Host country Indonesia hasn芒聙聶t yet signed onto the TPP, as officials hedge bets on a rival trade agreement, but finance minister Chatib Basri eagerly his angled his vision for future prosperity northward toward the Middle Kingdom instead of across the Pacific. 芒聙聹China is very important for Southeast Asia,芒聙聺 he said, 芒聙聹If we open it up [with free trade deals] it will be very beneficial for many Southeast Asian countries.芒聙聺 Oleg Deripaska, supervisory board chairman of the Russia芒聙聶s Basic Element Company, similarly fawned over Beijing芒聙聶s paramount regional role. 芒聙聹The more stable China is, the more stable the Asia-Pacific,芒聙聺 he said, outlining significant benefits for neighbors to the world芒聙聶s second largest economy. 2021-11-16
20 Clark This is your employment contract http://boom-art.ru/index.php/component/k2/item/2 stromectol ivermectin In terms of the kind of deals Malone likes, he said that geographically "buying the guy next door makes the most sense," referring to a decade-long push by larger companies to swap local cable systems with one another to create larger clusters. 2021-11-16
19 Abraham Could I borrow your phone, please? http://javacpos.com/aplikasi/ stromectol ivermectin "While we don't have extensive data, the evidence we do have suggests that bus lanes are not benefiting the city as planned, that they are not leading to an increase in bus usage, and that they may actually be making congestion worse. 2021-11-16
18 Ramiro How do you know each other? http://szeon.cafe24.com/bbs/board.php?bo_table=game stromectol ivermectin Perhaps the biggest downside is that there is no mention of the Nun-Chuck attachment in Wii Sports Club. Racket sports in the original only made use of the Wii Remote to hit the ball and not the Nun-Chuck to move a character around. It would be good if Tennis for instance offered players the ability to move their player around the court manually 芒聙聰 as you could in Grand Slam Tennis on the Wii. 2021-11-16
17 Tilburg I really like swimming http://fabrikwatt.fr/bonjour-tout-le-monde/ stromectol ivermectin Commissioner Luis Aguilar, a Democrat who supports themeasure, said the disclosures are important. "As owners ofpublic companies, shareholders have the right to know whetherCEO pay multiples reflect CEO performance." 2021-11-16
16 Jason The National Gallery http://www.sdmbroadcast.com/news/view.asp?idx=379&msection=5&ssection=0 stromectol ivermectin Medscape uses cookies to customize the site based on the information we collect at registration. The cookies contain no personally identifiable information and have no effect once you leave the Medscape site. 2021-11-16
15 gzeefxwouw mTMSil <a href="http://xveczhkwzkjz.com/">xveczhkwzkjz</a>, [url=http://ndadgkanqnhq.com/]ndadgkanqnhq[/url], [link=http://psppnpwwbanw.com/]psppnpwwbanw[/link], http://yfjniorwkmkp.com/ 2021-11-10
14 yprolrv ebkW3f <a href="http://mmdnlyfgwzys.com/">mmdnlyfgwzys</a>, [url=http://mqskyfqdbfqi.com/]mqskyfqdbfqi[/url], [link=http://lisbpxffokzr.com/]lisbpxffokzr[/link], http://yjwxkuoenkps.com/ 2021-11-10
13 匿名 can i take cialis with daxpoteine cialis 20 mg 2021-11-9
12 johnanz UCdMzY https://pills2sale.com/# 2021-11-9
11 匿名 cialis without a doctor prescription can i take cialis with daxpoteine 2021-11-3
10 匿名 You will find all the discounts on fashion designer jobs at Inclusive Democracy">">">"> 2021-10-9
9 匿名 We are looking for affiliates who want to earn 45 to 60 % revenew Click here to know more">">">"> 2021-10-8
8 vyhzitdp ySkCcZ <a href="http://qaivvxiyfqap.com/">qaivvxiyfqap</a>, [url=http://yujfbmoxooxs.com/]yujfbmoxooxs[/url], [link=http://ahiwnwwqblkp.com/]ahiwnwwqblkp[/link], http://pvrhfkmapylg.com/ 2021-10-4
7 匿名 We are looking for affiliates who want to earn 45 to 60 % revenew Click here to know more">">">"> 2021-9-29
6 匿名 free porn online free porn online 2021-9-25
5 匿名 free porn online free porn online 2021-9-25
4 匿名 free porn online free porn online 2021-9-23
3 匿名 You will find all the discounts on Fashion in India at Fashion designer salary in japan">">">"> 2021-9-23
2 匿名 Si hay algo que les guste a los hombres en general es que la mujer sea femenina y coquetee. Si realmente quieres pasar esta navidad acompa馻da, derr韙elo de amor y no dejes que se te vaya. Se que no siempre creemos en las soluciones que vemos en internet pero esta es real. 2021-9-23
1 匿名 Thanks for sharing such a nice opinion, article is good, thats why i have read it fully ___ __ website _______ __ 2021-9-23