Dangerous goods export process
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一、订舱
在订舱前,需要提前10工作日将以下3份文件传真到我司:
1、 海运托书;
2、 危险品包装使用鉴定结果单;
3、 包装危险货物技术说明书;
4、 Material Safety Data Sheet(MSDS)
注1:托书上注明中英文品名、化学分子式、箱型、危险品级别(CLASS NO.)、联合国危险品编码( UN NO.)、货物包装、以及特殊要求,以方便申请舱位和危险品申报;
注2:非危险品:化工研究院做(货物运输条件鉴定书),确定为非危险品。 2、危险品:化工研究院做货物运输条件鉴定书;
注3:如果涉及到转运,需要向船公司确认中转港是否有限制;


二、提供申报资料
提前7个工作日提供货物的申报相关资料正本:
1、 危险品包装使用鉴定结果单,注:不同品名应一一对应;
2、 包装危险货物技术说明书;
注1:根据以上单据,并按照正确的数据、品名、箱型等到海事局进行货申报,然后再根据货申报单和装箱证明书等送船公司进行船申报。
注2: 海事局签发: 1、一份箱申报单海事局留底; 2、签发3份正本货申报单;一份海事局留底; 一份货代留底;一份进行船申报; 


三、仓库: 1、退回两张箱申报单给仓库(车队)安排装箱。 2、危险品包装鉴定结果单复印件(进港证) 加盖公章交给仓库(车队),安排进港 3、仓库装箱证明书


四、船申报(船代来完成): 1、一份正本货申报单交给船代 (申报单上注明关单号,箱号,净重,封号) (近洋提前48小时安排交给船代) 2、仓库装箱证明书复印件 


五、提供报关资料
提前3天提供出口报关相关资料正本:
1、 核销单;
2、 发票;
3、 装箱单;
4、 报关委托单;
5、 出口报关单;
6、 货物的情况说明书(出货人需书面介绍此货的用途,以及具有的特性等);
注1:根据以上单据,并根据货申报单、箱封号等进行报关。
注2:暂时进出口的办理,除以上单据外还需提供针对暂时进出口货物的情况说明,如有保证金收据也需提供。


六、装箱进港:
由于危险品是船边直装,所以一般是在船开前装箱。
装箱分两种方式:
1、 货主自行送货至危险品仓库内装,货主需在船开前3天内把货物送到货代公司指定的危险品仓库;
2、 到工厂装箱,货主需提前准备好货物,货物装箱后一定要在集装箱的四周贴上大危标,如果所装的货物一旦泻漏会对海洋造成污染的话,还需要贴上海洋污染标记,同时拍照取证;
注1:危险品的拖车或者内装都必须使用具有危险品运输资格的车队,费用按照等级来计算。
注2:货申报截止时间为开船前48小时,所以必须在此时间前提出箱子。
注3:截止货申报同时要提供箱封号的,所以必须在此时间前提出箱子。
七、提单确认件将在船开前二天提供给出货人确认。


危险化学品的包装与贮运相关知识
危险化学品大都具有易燃、易爆、有毒、腐蚀等危险特点,在包装、贮存、运输过程中,如果处理不当,极易造成事故,轻则影响生产,重则造成人员死亡,严重污染环境,造成经济损失。因此,必须扎实做好包装、贮存和运输工作。 
  一、 危险化学品的包装 
  工业产品的包装,涉及从产品到使用者手中经过的多次装卸、贮存、运输过程。一个好的包装会很好地保护产品减少运输过程中的破坏,使产品能够安全地到达用户手中。因此,对于危险化学品的包装问题就显得更为重要了。 
  1. 根据危险品和特性和包装强度,把危险品分成三类: 
  Ⅰ类包装:货物具有较大危险性,包装强度要求高; 
  Ⅱ类包装:货物具有中等危险性,包装强度要求较高; 
  Ⅲ类包装:货物具有的危险性小,包装强度要求一般。 
  2. 采用四种包装试验方法:即推码试验、跌落试验、气密试验、气压试验。 
  3. 采取在运输包装件上印制提醒贮运人员注意的一些图示符号,如:防雨、防晒、易碎、有毒、易腐蚀等,同时标明危险品的类别、名称、尺寸和颜色。 
  二、 危险化学品的贮存 
  安全贮存是危险化学品流通过程中一个非常重要的环节。贮存不好,就会造成重大事故。前几年发生的电石着火和聚氯乙烯闪爆事故,就是因为贮存不好而造成的,教训十分深刻。 
  1. 危险化学品贮存的场所必须是经公安部消防部门审查批准设置的专门危险化学品库房,数量必须符合国家有关法规的规定;露天堆放的必须符合防火防爆要求;爆炸物品、遇湿燃烧物品、剧毒物品和一级易燃物品不能露天堆放。 
  2. 贮存危险化学品的仓库管理人员,必须经过专业知识培训,熟悉贮存物品的特性、事故处理办法和防护知识,持证上岗,同时,必须配备有关的个人防护用品。 
  3. 贮存的危险化学品必须设有明显的标志,并按国家规定标准控制不同单位面积的最大贮存限量和垛距。 
  4. 贮存危险化学品的库房、场所的消防设施、用电设施、防雷防静电设施等必须符合国家规定的安全要求。 
  5. 危险化学品出入库必须检查验收登记,贮存期间定期养护,控制好贮存场所的温度和湿度;装卸、搬运时应轻装轻卸,注意自我防护。 
  三、 危险化学品的运输 
  1. 危险化学品装卸前后,必须对车辆和仓库进行必要的通风、清扫干净,装卸作业使用的工具必须能防止产生火花,必须有各种防护装置。 
  2. 运输易燃易爆危险化学品的车辆必须办理“易燃易爆危险化学品三证”,必须配备相应的消防器材,有经过消防安全培训合格的驾驶员、押运员。 
  3. 其它要求 
  (1) 检查其包装是否符合要求,标志是否明显; 
  (2) 装卸时轻拿轻放,防止任何碰撞、拖拉和倾倒; 
  (3) 车辆有危险品标志,不得混合装运; 
  (4) 遇热易引起燃烧、爆炸或产生有毒气体的化学危险物品,要按夏季限运物品安排,必要时应采取隔热降温措施; 
  (5) 遇潮易引起燃烧、爆炸或产生有毒气体的化学危险物品,严禁在阴雨天运输,其他无关人员严禁搭乘装载危险化学品的车辆。 
  通过加强危险化学品的包装、贮存、运输管理,就能有效预防和控制危险化学品危害事故的发生。

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