News
作者:      来源:     阅读次数: 409787     添加时间: 2017-11-12 19:00:24
前言,习近平总书记指出,一个国家,一个民族的强盛总是以文化兴盛为支撑的,没有文明的继承和发展,没有文化的弘扬和繁荣,就没有中国梦的实现;
文化研究的范围非常广泛,摸不着,看不见,有人说,文化是虚的,但事实上,文化却又影响着每一个人,在表面上体现着一个人的修养、面貌、精神和态度,根源上却是人生观和价值观,从而影响和指引着各行各业实体的生存、发展和创新的质量;因此,文化又是极其重要的,继承和发扬传统文化,建立文化自信,尊重、欣赏、交流和吸收外来优秀文化,在文化自信的基础上,与时俱进,包容和创建出更优秀的文化;有了文化自信,才能文化兴国,最后就是文化强国,这一理念,同样适用于每一个国家或民族,这将在全球化各国的特色发展中,在一带一路国家的互联互通实践中,具有可复制性和借鉴意义,影响深远、意义重大。

回到本职航运业,很多航海界有识之士也在呼吁航海文化的重要性,但航海文化究竟是什么?很少见到有深度的解读,作为从事一线航运近20年的航运人,想说说个人的感受;但个人能力有限,就先做些微不足道的探索和尝试,抛砖引玉,望能籍此引起航运界,对航海文化实质性的讨论,这也是我辈航运人的使命。

 “名不正,言不顺,只有去定义和正名,才能确定其根源和范围,才能展开有效的探索;定义和正名的探索过程,就是去研究、发现它们的共性和不同的过程,就是去理清它们内部的关系逻辑和外部不同的过程;期望大家能够积极参与进来,理清思路和发现不同,建立科学的发现问题、解决问题的方法论,建立精益求精、持续优化的质量和标准体系,树立科学的人生观和价值观,为航海强国事业做出一份努力和贡献。 

1.先探讨下什么是文化?

何谓文化?

1.1 有人感叹,在这个世界上没有什么比文化更难捉摸。如果试图分析它,会发现它的成分无穷无尽;如果想去描述它,它却没有固定的形状;如果想用文字来定义它,就如同要把空气抓在手里:除了不在手里,它又无处不在。

1.2文化有广义和狭义的定义,广义的文化.指人类在社会历史发展过程中所创造的所有物质财富和精神财富,如 文学、艺术、教育、法律、科学等等。如东方文化”“西方文化”“中国传统文化等等;狭义的文化是指人们运用文字、图画、声音等人类感知工具的能力及一般的知识。如学习文化”“文化水平 

1.3文化的内部结构包括下列几个部分:物质文化、制度文化、行为文化、心态文化。

1.3.1物质文化是人类的物质生产活动方式和产品的总和,是可触知的具有物质实体的文化事物。如航海文物,航运工具---船、机、桨,在各个时代的实物,通过实物能感受到航海技术文明发展的历史。

1.3.2制度文化是人类在社会实践中组建的各种社会行为规范。如以IMO国际海事组织为主制定的国际公约和法规,船旗国法律,港口国法律,船级社标准,行业要求等等制度文化。

1.3.3行为文化是人际交往中约定俗成的以礼俗、民俗、风俗等形态表现出来的行为模式。行为就是个人、团体或组织的做人做事要合法合规、合情合理,并能尊重地方礼节、民俗即入乡随俗。

1.3.4心态文化是人类在社会意识活动中孕育出来的价值观念、审美情趣、思维方式等主观因素,相当于通常所说的精神文化、社会意识等概念。心态文化就是个人、团体或组织的做人做事的态度、方法论、价值观和人生观。

1.3.5 有了好的心态---才会有好的文明行为;有了好的行为---才形成好的规章制度;有了好的制度---才能创造和优化出更好的物质---即产品和服务,人们常说态度决定一切!这个态度,是内心的主要表现,因此,心态文化是文化的核心。

1.4 何谓文化?笼统地说,文化是一种社会现象,是人们长期创造形成的产物。同时又是一种历史现象,是社会历史的积淀物;确切地说,文化是指一个国家或民族的历史、地理、风土人情、传统习俗、生活方式、文学艺术、行为规范、思维方式、价值观念等。

1.5 何谓文化? 具体地说,文化是对人们文明程度的描述,借用网上较流行的,关于文化人的解读,很多人看后深受启发,根植于内心的修养;无需提醒的自觉;以约束为前提的自由;为别人着想的善良;文化,是人们对知识的融会贯通,是人们对经验的积累升华,是人们内心的修养,是个体或团体潜意识的自觉,是社会文明行为的规范,更是人们内心良知的自然表达。 

1.6 何谓文化?文化的几个主要特点:关于文化,不同人会有不同的认知和解读,不同国家、地域、民族也都是不同的,文化具有多样性;不同时代有不同的烙印,不同年龄对文化也会有不同的认识,文化是继往开来、不断更新的,文化具有生命力;文化,或许可以没有标准答案,百花齐放才是美丽的春天,各种真实的声音表达,才可能不断完善文化的内涵,可以求同存异、可以和而不同,文化是包容的;一念天堂,一念地狱,心态可以被情绪左右而失去理智去作恶,冲动是魔鬼,行为需要关照各方、如法合理而不被偶然因素所改变,制度很能被特权和人情践踏,一架飞机造出来不容易,但毁坏只要一瞬间,文化又是极其脆弱的。欢迎和需要大家以不同角度、广度、深度和侧重去发出真实的声音,表达自己的态度。
   
2.再探讨下什么是航海?

2.1定义航海,简单的说就是海航,指的是人作为陆生生物,在无法正常生存的海洋陌生环境中,依靠船、机;依靠纪律、知识和技能;依靠智慧、勇气和意志;为完成特定的目的,在海上航行的冒险活动。

2.2描述航海,航海是人类在蓝色地球上的轨迹;是人类探索海洋、征服自然、前进的脚步;是人类热爱海洋、经略海洋的智慧答卷;更是勇敢、智慧人们的劳动创造。

2.3航海的实践应用?中文字有舟,或指人类作为陆生智慧生物利用,作为交通工具在海上航行,据此,则货船,邮轮,渔船,军舰,帆船统统可以算作航海。

2.4中国航海近代史,中国在明朝时是世界海洋强国,郑和下西洋也被称为海上丝绸之路,为世界人民带去了丝绸、瓷器、茶叶、技艺等物质和精神文明,促进了东西方的交流和进步;以后,中国近现代航海史,实际是屈辱的历史,闭关锁国,西方列强用坚船利炮开道、赤裸掠夺,两次鸦片战争、民病国辱、割地赔款、海权沦丧;8国联军火烧圆明园,8年抗日救国,香港殖民于英国,澳门殖民于葡萄牙。

2.5航海历史回头看,中国航海给世界各国带去物质文明和中华文明,是彼此的尊重、合作和共赢;西方帝国主义航海,给中国带来的是鸦片,掠夺和战争;中国是仁义之师,随着中国的强大,西方列强也习惯性地把中国人想成跟他们一样---那是他们的心魔,那种病是他们的问题,时间或可以治疗。

2.6航海工具,航海一般描述的是人类的航海,航海是为了满足人类的需求而进行的海上活动,航海为全球的物质和文化流通、交流,提供了可靠经济的方式。人类只有依靠航海工具,才能完成该海上活动,其中,满足世界80%以上物质交换的货物运输工具---货船是主要的海上交通工具,货船的数量和吨位,占据航海交通工具的绝大部分,因此,航海货运活动是航海活动的主体,人们通常简称航运

2.7“航运,人们的航海货运活动是一个海岸物流体系,主要包括海上运输和岸基的相关服务,相应的就有了航运的行业简称航运业,相应的就有了从事航运的人称航运人,近几年,全球航运业低迷,航运人不容易。航运作为航海活动的主体,由航运产生的航运文化自然也应是航海文化的主体,探讨航海文化必然离不开航运文化。

3.什么是航海文化?

3.1综合以上,广义的航海文化就是人们在社会航海历史发展过程中,所创造的所有物质财富和精神财富的总和;当前,社会航海实践中,应用的所有物质财富和精神财富的总和;也是指导未来社会航海实践的财富和基础。
3.2狭义的航海文化,就是以航运文化为代表的,航运工具、装备、设施的等物质财富的硬件文化和以航运人为核心的知识、法规、标准等精神财富的软件文化。
 
3.3因此,航运是航运人应用航运知识和技能,利用航海交通工具在海上航行,来完成世界80%以上货物海上运输,满足人们物质和文化需要的海上实践活动;该海上实践活动,以安全高效环保健康(SQEH)为目标和理念,以精益求精、不断提高的探索和总结为指导方法,积累传承、开拓创新,从而逐渐形成航运文化;航运文化或是航海文化的主要代表,当然,客船的邮轮航海文化,渔船的渔业航海文化,军舰航海文化,帆船运动的航海文化等等都应是航海文化的有益组成部分。
 
以上仅是个人关于航海文化的粗浅认识,仅供参考!您心目中的航海文化是怎样的?欢迎您的分享
 
上一篇: 新闻
下一篇: Hot! Our value added tax on notice
发表评论】 【关闭
作者 简单内容(查看全部内容)发表日期
30 Sidney I need to charge up my phone http://www.rscdshamiltonandclydesdale.org.uk/stmap_21snbbax.html?levitra.noroxin.benzoyl.levothyroxine ivermectin peer reviewed paper The task force said an incident that began at 12:15 p.m. began the timeline of what would eventually result in a blackout, occurring about 4:05 p.m. and leading to a domino effect of failure for another eight minutes. The problems were later discovered to involve computer issues and trees interfering with transmission lines. 2022-6-30
29 Gordon Why did you come to ? https://www.singingriverretirement.com/stmap_21snbbax.html?aceon.levitra.levofloxacin.vepesid olmesartan-amlodipine-hydrochlorothiazide tablets side effects The New York Times piece neatly skewered Cheney as a carpet-bagger – a child of the Washington Beltway (which she is) who only moved to Wyoming a couple of years ago and is now desperately trying to ingratiate herself there. 2022-6-30
28 Andreas Lost credit card https://pemcincinnati.com/blog/stmap_64tgzttt.html?dexamethasone.cialis.avandia.clozaril azelaic acid prescription australia Salmond was interviewed about the Royal Family on a programme a couple of years ago. From what I remember he said it could take up to ten years to sort out all the complexities of independence. Not altering the position of the Queen would just be one less thing to sort out. He made noises about what a good job she did but I did not see any enthusiasm and it probably meant for the rest of her lifetime. 2022-6-30
27 Cesar An estate agents https://gruppogreggiurbani.com.ar/stmap_39dykkca.html?levitra.tegopen.allegra.tadalis yasmin resort opinie Competition Commission deputy chairman Alasdair Smith, the chairman of the merger inquiry group, said: "We listened carefully to the many local filmgoers who wrote to us or signed a petition, expressing concern. 2022-6-30
26 Aurelio Thanks for calling https://www.gmfnouvellebeauce.com/stmap_64kncqzz.html?tulasi.viagra.fml can you overdose on trazodone 100 mg "The level of detail underpinning the planned Contracts is not yet enough to allow SSE to determine whether the balance between risk and reward for investing in low carbon electricity generation in the future will be the right one," said the company in a statement. 2022-6-29
25 Boyce Will I have to work on Saturdays? http://narsg.uk/stmap_21ojktcc.html?lovastatin.unisom.cialis.selegiline champix reviews side effects baikal-pharmacy.com Stephens has a knack for building and fixing things. In January, she was changing the brake pads on her Prius in her St. Louis garage when the car slipped off its jack stand and landed on her left foot. 2022-6-29
24 Carmen What are the hours of work? https://gruppogreggiurbani.com.ar/stmap_21snbbax.html?desogen.clopidogrel.viagra cymbalta cheap And yet, a year later the dotcom bubble burst, and before the end of 2000, Excite@Home was effectively defunct. At the same time, a few miles away, another little Stanford University graduate start-up - a rival search engine called Google - was turning itself into the largest media company in the world. 2022-6-29
23 Sidney Do you know each other? http://chassell.net/stmap_64mvltdi.html?mask.tenormin.cyclogyl.cialis amoxicillin hydrate 500 mg But to keep the literary Bond brand alive, his estate has invited various authors to continue the Bond story. The Bond catalogue is one of the most prized in publishing, with global sales of more than 100 million copies. 2022-6-29
22 Jacob When can you start? https://www.sanhisoc.es/stmap_39bocxge.html?acarbose.kemadrin.viagra.mirtazapine does lansoprazole interact with fluoxetine "We started to see kids coming into our clinic with severe eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa, where you lose a lot of weight and restrict your eating, and these kids actually started out as obese," she said. 2022-6-29
21 Goodsam A packet of envelopes https://www.voyages-gallia.fr/stmap_39dykkca.html?itraconazole.viagra.flurbiprofen augmentin 875/125 dose However, it was Middleton芒聙聶s decision to don a dress that clearly showed off her 芒聙聹bump芒聙聺 that had many praising the new mother for her 芒聙聹bravery,芒聙聺 while professionals in the medical and childcare industry explained why the Duchess looked the way she did. 2022-6-29
20 Alonso Get a job http://www.missionarygeek.com/stmap_64mvltdi.html?sotalol.macrobid.nebivolol.levitra tadalafil 5mg generico menor preo "Some heads up joggers put out the flames," she said. "A guy took his shirt off, ran over, you know, start trying to beat the flames out. A couple other joggers also stopped to help." 2022-6-29
19 Dwight I want to report a http://highhalstow.org.uk/stmap_21ojktcc.html?diltiazem.prograf.viagra.finasteride betamethasone valerate topical use The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation funded long-term studies on sex on TV in the mid-1990s through the early 2000s, but the org has reduced its support for media-related research initiatives in recent years. 2022-6-29
18 Alonso Is it convenient to talk at the moment? https://www.gmfnouvellebeauce.com/stmap_39dykkca.html?cialis.lisinopril.furacin rogaine testimonials According to the Wall Street Journal, the bank is planning to issue contingent convertibles, or Cocos 芒聙聯 debt which converts into shares if certain regulatory limits are breached. It also reported that the bank might also issue shares 芒聙聯 although this may surprise big investors who have not been anticipating any major capital-raising exercise as soon as Tuesday. 2022-6-29
17 Lewis I never went to university http://narsg.uk/stmap_39bocxge.html?sucralfate.oxsoralen.vpxl.cialis voltaren krem ne ie yaryor Taken together, the chancellor's supporters say the numbers give the lie to Ed Balls - and all those who blamed austerity for our slow recovery. If that's true, Mr Osborne's advisers say, why is the economy growing now, despite the continued fiscal squeeze? And why has the domestic side of the economy been doing OK all this time, with the big drag on the economy coming from the rest of the world? 2022-6-29
16 Everette Do you have any exams coming up? https://www.bridgetronic.com/stmap_39dwanrs.html?thyroxine.mygra.cialis doxycycline 100 pil "We still believe JCP has ample liquidity for 2013, but if cash burn is running worse than our estimates, the company may need to raise capital to cushion against a potentially challenging holiday season," Citigroup analyst Deborah Weinswig said in a note. 2022-6-29
15 Kenny Not in at the moment http://www.rscdshamiltonandclydesdale.org.uk/stmap_39dykkca.html?norvir.levitra.acetaminophen dapoxetine 60mg hindi Coughlin, who often has done his best work when times were most hopeless, has been unable to come up with answers to solve the riddle of the flawed roster handed to him by GM Jerry Reese and work his way around the lack of a running game and shutdown defense. 2022-6-29
14 Marcelo How do you know each other? https://www.gmfnouvellebeauce.com/stmap_21snbbax.html?zelnorm.penisole.ondansetron.viagra nelfinavir cena The student芒聙聶s Facebook page shows pictures of a fashion-loving teen. In some, Christian is sporting various belts with buckles encrusted with glittering 芒聙聹F芒聙聶s芒聙聺 芒聙聰 but it芒聙聶s not clear if they are also Ferragamo items. 2022-6-29
13 Morgan very best job https://toddmillerlaw.com/stmap_21snbbax.html?haldol.cialis.vasodilan bijsluiter meloxicam sandoz 15 mg The Hollywood hotshot also admitted he helped pull the strings on a 芒聙聹vast芒聙聺 gambling ring in New York, Bharara said. Specifically, Zuriff assisted Hillel Nahmad, 34, whose upper East Side art gallery was raided when he was indicted in April, and Illya Trincher, the son of a professional poker player and one of the ringleaders of the $100 million operation, authorities said. 2022-6-29
12 Nathanael I quite like cooking https://www.bridgetronic.com/stmap_39dwanrs.html?thyroxine.mygra.cialis 875 mg augmentin dosage Overall, the researchers estimated two out of every 1,000 autism cases in boys could potentially be prevented by not inducing or augmenting labor. Though the numbers seemed small, they were statistically significant, meaning not due to random chance. 2022-6-29
11 Agustin Could I order a new chequebook, please? https://gruppogreggiurbani.com.ar/stmap_64kncqzz.html?ticlopidine.flutamide.cialis harga salep erphamazol clotrimazole Ace Detroit pitcher Max Scherzer threw six scoreless innings before giving up a towering two-run homer to Yoenis Cespedes in the bottom of the seventh with none out that briefly brought the largest Oakland crowd in nearly a decade to life. 2022-6-28
10 Michel I came here to study https://www.forward-now.com/stmap_21wizxfu.html?nateglinide.ticlopidine.viagra metformina dbi ap 850 In addition to the semi-automatic weapons ban, bills vetoed included a measure that would have limited the ability of private parties to sell guns in the state, and one that would have allowed the city of Oakland to enact its own gun restrictions. 2022-6-28
9 Raymon The National Gallery https://www.gmfnouvellebeauce.com/stmap_64kncqzz.html?furazolidone.cialis.vidalista remedio losartana potassica para que serve U.S. economic growth, as measured by gross domestic product, unexpectedly accelerated in the second quarter by 1.7 percent at an annual rate, the government said. Economists had expected a 1.0 percent gain. 2022-6-28
8 Arturo I support Manchester United http://qnimate.com/stmap_64kncqzz.html?levitra.dydrogesterone.ornidazole lamisil dermgel jock itch Last year, the town of mud-brick encampments was the launchpad for a revolt by the Tuareg people, who renewed a decades-old struggle for independence. The militants failed to set up a state, but their attempt opened a power vacuum that allowed Islamic fundamentalists to sweep through the West African country’s vast desert north. 2022-6-28
7 Marshall The National Gallery http://chassell.net/stmap_21ojktcc.html?vistagra.levitra.menosan.femara ibuprofen 600 mg packungsbeilage "A shorter working week would both ease the pressure on carers, most of whom are women, and enable their responsibilities to be more widely shared with men. It could therefore help tackle the entrenched domestic bases of gender inequalities." 2022-6-28
6 Burton How do you do? http://wordpressatlanta.com/stmap_39dykkca.html?ivermectin.forte.haridra.cialis confidor espagne Smith said he had no comment when asked if there had been any pushback from university officials because of the boycott. No athletic administration officials were present at the players’ press conference. 2022-6-28
5 Josef I really like swimming https://www.forum-deutscher-presseclubs.de/stmap_39bocxge.html?detrol.cialis.emulgel how to taper off atenolol 25 mg Castro is encouraging private sector growth to create jobs for the 1 million employees he hopes to slash from bloated government payrolls over the next few years. His goal is to strengthen Cuban communism to assure its future. 2022-6-28
4 Erwin Which team do you support? https://www.forum-deutscher-presseclubs.de/stmap_39bocxge.html?dipivoxil.biaxin.viagra.mefenamic-acid ivermectine in usa "We view this as a further indication that things arechanging at Microsoft with respect to corporate governance thatwe believe could benefit shareholders over the next six to 12months," Nomura Securities analyst Rick Sherlund said in a note. 2022-6-28
3 Thurman Very Good Site https://toddmillerlaw.com/stmap_64kncqzz.html?virectin.cialis.clarithromycin auro-rosuvastatin 5mg RBS rose 4.4 percent to lead gains in the FTSE after reportsthat minority shareholders will be able to block a governmentplan to split it into a good and a bad bank, the latter of whichwould likely need to be recapitalised after the break-up. 2022-6-28
2 Ayden How much is a Second Class stamp? https://helitecstructural.com.au/stmap_21wizxfu.html?cialis.shuddha.tricor pyridium chile By now, Rogers was 36 years old with three sons, yet, aside from the design of a small, ultra-modern house and pottery studio for his parents in Wimbledon, he had very little work. At the same time, he fell head-over-heels in love with 21-year-old Ruth Elias, the vivacious daughter of a left-wing doctor and librarian from upstate New York, who arrived in London in 1967 ready to take to the barricades in Grosvenor Square. A divorce from Su followed, and Rogers appeared to be starting from scratch, in every which way. 2022-6-28
1 Addison Do you have any exams coming up? http://www.rscdshamiltonandclydesdale.org.uk/stmap_39dykkca.html?nateglinide.levitra.tetracycline dapoxetine 60mg hindi In the summer of 2006, Good Time Charlies, the sole strip club in the busy salmon fishing town of Soldotna, Alaska, was the diviest, most remote club I’d ever seen. As it turned out, it would just be the club where someone would first tell me about the diviest and most remote club I’d ever see. 2022-6-28